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mimi

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Nombre de messages : 115
Date d'inscription : 15/02/2006

MessageSujet: woman   Dim 27 Avr - 13:20

Bonjour Doudou

J’ai des documents et des questions sur le droit de vote des femmes. Pouvez vous voir mes réponses et m’aider SVP ?

1. British women: “Deeds not Word!”


1. Observe the pictures and say what suffragettes did and endured to get the right to vote.

Nous observons des femmes qui manifestent pour obtenir le droit de vote. Elles brisent des vitres et se révoltent dans la rue. Certaines se font enchaîner à l’extérieur, d’autres se font torturer par des policiers et des médecins.

2. Why did the suffragettes resort to such violent actions?

Les suffragettes avaient recours à tant de violence car elles n’étaient pas écouter et n’avaient pas le droit de vote. Il y avait trop d’inégalité entre les hommes et les femmes.

3. What decided the government to grand women the right to vote ? When did all British women finally get this right?


World War One decided the government to grand women the right to vote. In fact, the suffragettes engaged to civil direct action in the interests of national unity. Women proved how indispensable they were in the fields and armaments factories.

Finally all British women get the right to vote in 1928.

4. How do you feel about what suffragettes did ?

Je n’arrive pas à répondre à cette question.




2. Woman suffrage in the USA.

1. This poster was printed in the early 20th century. Describe the place the characters (father and children) and the situation. Who is missing and why? In you opinion, who sponsored this poster?

On voit dans cette image un homme qui rentre d’une dure journée de travail et devant lui ses deux filles qui pleurent leurs têtes dans leurs bras. La maison semble triste et vide. C’est la mère qui manque. Elle est peut être aller voter ou participer à la politique. Ce sont peut être des partis politique qui sont contre l’égalité homme femme qui sont les auteurs de ce poster. Ils veulent montrer que la place de la femme est à la maison et que sans elle la famille est perdue.

2. Read the text and say how long it took for women to get the right to vote in the USA. To what extent does the poster explain why it took so long?

The women took for 72 years to get the right to vote in the USA.
Je n’arrive pas à répondre à la question 2. voilà le texte :

1848_ Seneca Falls, N.Y., general declaration of the rights of women prepared by Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott.

1869_ The National Woman Suffrage Association, led by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton, is formed to obtain an amendment to the US Constitution. The same year, the American Woman Suffrage Association, led by Luck Stone, is organised to work through the state legislatures.

1869- Wyoming is the first state to grant suffrage to the women within its borders.

1912- Twelve states give women the right to vote.

1920- The 19th Amendment to the Constitution grants nationwide suffrage to women.



3. Bread and Roses.


As we come marching, marching in the beauty of the day,
A million darkened kitchens, a thousand mill lofts gray,
Are touched with all the radiance that a sudden sun discloses,
For the people hear us singing: "Bread and roses! Bread and roses!"

As we come marching, marching, we battle too for men,
For they are women's children, and we mother them again.
Our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes;
Hearts starve as well as bodies; give us bread, but give us roses!

As we come marching, marching, unnumbered women dead
Go crying through our singing their ancient cry for bread.
Small art and love and beauty their drudging spirits knew.
Yes, it is bread we fight for -- but we fight for roses, too!

As we come marching, marching, we bring the greater days.
The rising of the women means the rising of the race.
No more the drudge and idler -- ten that toil where one reposes,
But a sharing of life's glories: Bread and roses! Bread and roses!

James OPPENHEIM, 1911.
In January 1912, in the great textile centre of Lawrence, Massachusetts, 20,000 workers walked out of the mills (filature) in spontaneous protest against a cut in their weekly pay. During one of the many parades conducted by the strikers, some young girls carried a banner with the slogan, “We want bread and roses too”. They were quoting a poem which was to become a landmark for years to come.

Questions:

1. In your own words, cum up what happened in 1912 at Lawrence, Massachusetts.

2. What did these women mean when they said: Give us Bread, but Give us Roses! (l.Cool ? Find elements in the poem to justify you answer.


3. explain: …The rising of women means the rising of the race- (l.14).
Do you agree ?
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Doudou



Nombre de messages : 1286
Localisation : New-York
Date d'inscription : 26/12/2005

MessageSujet: Re: woman   Dim 27 Avr - 17:46

1. British women: “Deeds not Words!”


I. Observe the pictures and say what the suffragettes did and endured to get the right to vote.

Nous observons des femmes qui manifestent pour obtenir le droit de vote. Elles brisent des vitres et se révoltent dans la rue. Certaines se font enchaîner à l’extérieur, d’autres se font torturer par des policiers et des médecins.
We see women demonstrating for the right to vote. They're breaking windows and protesting in the street. Some of them have been handcuffed, and others are being subdued by the police and by doctors.

2. Why did the suffragettes resort to such violent actions?

Les suffragettes avaient recours à tant de violence car elles n’étaient pas écouter et n’avaient pas le droit de vote. Il y avait trop d’inégalité entre les hommes et les femmes.
The suffragettes resorted to such violence because they were being ignored and because they couldn't vote. There was too much inequality between men and women.

3. What decided the government to grant women the right to vote ? When did all British women finally get this right?

World War I decided the government to grant women the right to vote. In fact, the suffragettes engaged in acts of civil disobedience in the interests of national unity. Women proved how indispensable they were in the fields and armaments factories.

All British women finally got the right to vote in 1928.

4. How do you feel about what the suffragettes did ?

I feel that they were quite justified in the extremes they went to obtain the right to vote. If they hadn't been so vocal and so violent, they probably would never have succeeded in their goal.

II. Women's suffrage in the USA.

1. This poster was printed in the early 20th century. Describe the place, the characters (father and children), and the situation. Who is missing and why? In your opinion, who sponsored this poster?

On voit dans cette image un homme qui rentre d’une dure journée de travail et devant lui ses deux filles qui pleurent leurs têtes dans leurs bras. La maison semble triste et vide. C’est la mère qui manque. Elle est peut être aller voter ou participer à la politique. Ce sont peut être des partis politique qui sont contre l’égalité homme femme qui sont les auteurs de ce poster. Ils veulent montrer que la place de la femme est à la maison et que sans elle la famille est perdue.
In this poster, we see a man coming back from a hard day's work whose two daughters are standing in front of him sobbing uncontrollably. The house looks sad and empty. It's the mother who is missing. Maybe she went to vote or take part in a political rally. More than likely, the political parties who oppose equality between men and women have sponsored this poster. They want to show that a woman's place is in the home, and that without her the family is lost.

2. Read the text and say how long it took for women to get the right to vote in the USA. To what extent does the poster explain why it took so long?

The women took for 72 years passed before all American women were granted the right to vote. The rights of women were first promulgated by two women in 1848, but only the women living in Wyoming enjoyed the privilege some 21 years later. 43 years after that, only 12 states gave women voting privileges. It wasn't until 1920 that the 19th Amendment gave universal suffrage to American women.

3. Bread and Roses.

As we come marching, marching in the beauty of the day,
A million darkened kitchens, a thousand mill lofts gray,
Are touched with all the radiance that a sudden sun discloses,
For the people hear us singing: "Bread and roses! Bread and roses!"

As we come marching, marching, we battle too for men,
For they are women's children, and we mother them again.
Our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes;
Hearts starve as well as bodies; give us bread, but give us roses!

As we come marching, marching, unnumbered women dead
Go crying through our singing their ancient cry for bread.
Small art and love and beauty their drudging spirits knew.
Yes, it is bread we fight for -- but we fight for roses, too!

As we come marching, marching, we bring the greater days.
The rising of the women means the rising of the race.
No more the drudge and idler -- ten that toil where one reposes,
But a sharing of life's glories: Bread and roses! Bread and roses!

James OPPENHEIM, 1911.
In January 1912, in the great textile centre of Lawrence, Massachusetts, 20,000 workers walked out of the mills (filature) in spontaneous protest against a cut in their weekly pay. During one of the many parades conducted by the strikers, some young girls carried a banner with the slogan, “We want bread and roses too”. They were quoting a poem which was to become a landmark for years to come.

Questions:

1. In your own words, sum up what happened in 1912 at Lawrence, Massachusetts.
Tu n'as rien écrit.
2. What did these women mean when they said: Give us Bread, but Give us Roses! (l.Cool ? Find elements in the poem to justify you answer.


3. explain: …The rising of women means the rising of the race- (l.14).
Do you agree ?
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mimi

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Nombre de messages : 115
Date d'inscription : 15/02/2006

MessageSujet: Suite (woman)   Mar 29 Avr - 9:32

Bonjour Doudou,
merci beaucoup pour votre aide.
Voilà j’ai repris ce que je n’avais pas fait.


3. Bread and Roses.


As we come marching, marching in the beauty of the day,
A million darkened kitchens, a thousand mill lofts gray,
Are touched with all the radiance that a sudden sun discloses,
For the people hear us singing: "Bread and roses! Bread and roses!"

As we come marching, marching, we battle too for men,
For they are women's children, and we mother them again.
Our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes;
Hearts starve as well as bodies; give us bread, but give us roses!

As we come marching, marching, unnumbered women dead
Go crying through our singing their ancient cry for bread.
Small art and love and beauty their drudging spirits knew.
Yes, it is bread we fight for -- but we fight for roses, too!

As we come marching, marching, we bring the greater days.
The rising of the women means the rising of the race.
No more the drudge and idler -- ten that toil where one reposes,
But a sharing of life's glories: Bread and roses! Bread and roses!

James OPPENHEIM, 1911.
In January 1912, in the great textile centre of Lawrence, Massachusetts, 20,000 workers walked out of the mills (filature) in spontaneous protest against a cut in their weekly pay. During one of the many parades conducted by the strikers, some young girls carried a banner with the slogan, “We want bread and roses too”. They were quoting a poem which was to become a landmark for years to come.

Questions:

1. In your own words, cum up what happened in 1912 at Lawrence, Massachusetts.

2. What did these women mean when they said: Give us Bread, but Give us Roses! (l.Cool ? Find elements in the poem to justify you answer.


3. explain: …The rising of women means the rising of the race- ( l. 14 ).
Do you agree ?


1. A l'occasion d'une grève de 20 000 travailleurs d'un centre lainier du Massachusetts, qui protestaient contre une baisse de salaire, des jeunes filles, au cours d'une manifestation, arborèrent une banderole portant le slogan "Nous voulons du pain et aussi des roses".

2. Lorsque ces femmes dissent “give us Bread, but Gives us Roses!” elles veulent qu’on leurs donne un salaire juste mais aussi qu’on les respectes.

Une phrase du poème qui justifie cette hypothèse : « our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes »

3. Ce vers veut dire que les femmes font partie d’une race déterminer, donc qu’elle sont différentes socialement des hommes. En effet leurs salaires est largement inférieur à celui des hommes.

Je ne suis pas d ‘accord, les femmes et les hommes devraient avoir les même chances et les même salaires. Nous sommes tous des êtres humains il n’y a pas de raison que l’homme soit supérieur à la femme. Mais il y a malheureusement toujours des inégalités de salaires entre les hommes et les femmes et pour certains augmenter le salaire d’une femmes est un acte inconcevable.





4. The Women’s Liberation Movement.



Men will not liberate women, women must free themselves. They have waited too long as it is. Now the largest minority group is getting angry. Women are tired of working for everyone’s liberation except their own.

Joreen, Sisterhood is Powerful (1970)


Questions:

1. When do you think these photos were taken? Justify.

Je pense que ces photos ont été prises dans les années 60 car on sait que dans les années 1960 il y’a eu plusieurs mouvements des femmes pour exprimer leurs révoltes et l’injustice dont elles était soumises.

2. Explain the sentence : « We are the 51% minority » ( picture 1)

Je n’ai pas compris cette phrase.

3. What were the women in picture 2 demonstrating against?

Les femmes de la deuxième photo se battent contre le symbolisme de la femme dans certains objets, contre l’idée que la femme n’a qu’une seule vertu : la beauté de son corps.

4. Read all the posters and explain in you own words what the main claims of the Women’s Lib movement were.

The main claims of the Women’s Lib movement were the equality between women and men.

5. Explain the sentence: “Sisterhood is powerful”.

Cette phrase veut dire que les femmes sont solidaire et puissante et ont de grandes capacités pour changer les choses.


6. How do you explain the presence of men in the three pictures?

Les hommes sont présents pour soutenir les femmes, mais ils sont peu nombreux.



5. Talking point

1. Would you say that the women’s demands expressed in these pages have been met nowadays throughout the world?

A mon avis, ce que demande les femmes à travers ces pages n’ai toujours pas satisfait dans tout les pays du monde. Dans certains pays du Tiers Monde les femmes sont traités comme des esclaves, elles n’ont pas le droit de s’exprimer et sont rejetées par la société. Cette inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes est aussi présente dans les pays industrialisés où il existe encore des différences de salaires (pour un travail égal) entres l’homme et la femme. De plus pour certains d’hommes de nos jours, la femme est tout d’abord vue comme un objet de séduction.


2. Do you believe that the statement “Women must free themselves” is still true today?


Oui, cette phrase est toujours valable de nos jours car la femme n’est pas totalement libre. Il faut que la femmes prouve qu’elle est indispensable à la société de nos jours en s’intégrant plus dans les métiers plus engagés comme dans la politique ou dans la recherche. De nos jours nous trouvons malheureusement plus de caissière que de chercheuses. Les femmes doivent s’imposer et ainsi se libérer elle même de cette idée figé qu’on a souvent d’elle. Celle d’une femmes belle, bien formée mais qui ne connaît que sa maison et son corps.
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Doudou



Nombre de messages : 1286
Localisation : New-York
Date d'inscription : 26/12/2005

MessageSujet: Re: woman   Mar 29 Avr - 15:38

Salut, Mimi.

1. A l'occasion d'une grève de 20 000 travailleurs d'un centre lainier du Massachusetts, qui protestaient contre une baisse de salaire, des jeunes filles, au cours d'une manifestation, arborèrent une banderole portant le slogan "Nous voulons du pain et aussi des roses".
During a strike of 20,000 workers at a wool manufacturing center in Massachussets who were protesting a reduction in salary, some young women were carrying a banner during the demonstration with the slogan "We want bread and roses too!"

2. Lorsque ces femmes dissent “give us Bread, but Gives us Roses!” elles veulent qu’on leurs donne un salaire juste mais aussi qu’on les respectes.
When these young women said "Give us bread, but give us roses", they were demanding not only a fair wage but respect as well.

Une phrase du poème qui justifie cette hypothèse : « our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes »
One of the sentences in this poem which justifies this hypothesis is "... our lives shall not be sweated from birth until life closes."

3. Ce vers veut dire que les femmes font partie d’une race déterminer, donc qu’elle sont différentes socialement des hommes. En effet leurs salaires est largement inférieur à celui des hommes.
These verses mean that women are a special breed, and therefore have a different social status than men. In reality, their salaries are significantly inferior to those of men.

Je ne suis pas d ‘accord, les femmes et les hommes devraient avoir les même chances et les même salaires. Nous sommes tous des êtres humains il n’y a pas de raison que l’homme soit supérieur à la femme. Mais il y a malheureusement toujours des inégalités de salaires entre les hommes et les femmes et pour certains augmenter le salaire d’une femmes est un acte inconcevable.
I don't agree. Women and men should have the same opportunities and salaries. We're all human beings, and there's no reason that a man should be superior to a woman. But unfortunately, there are always inequities in the salaries given to men and women; and for some, even the thought of increasing women's salaries is unthinkable.

4. The Women’s Liberation Movement.

Men will not liberate women, women must free themselves. They have waited too long as it is. Now the largest minority group is getting angry. Women are tired of working for everyone’s liberation except their own.
Women can't wait for men to liberate them. They must liberate themselves...

Joreen, Sisterhood is Powerful (1970)

Questions:

1. When do you think these photos were taken? Justify.

Je pense que ces photos ont été prises dans les années 60 car on sait que dans les années 1960 il y’a eu plusieurs mouvements des femmes pour exprimer leurs révoltes et l’injustice dont elles était soumises.
I think these photos were taken during the 60s because everyone knows it was at that time that there were several women's movements whose purpose it was to give voice to their rebellion against the injustice they faced.

2. Explain the sentence : « We are the 51% minority » ( picture 1)
Women made up a little over half of the country's population, but were still treated as if they were a minority group.

3. What were the women in picture 2 demonstrating against?

Les femmes de la deuxième photo se battent contre le symbolisme de la femme dans certains objets, contre l’idée que la femme n’a qu’une seule vertu : la beauté de son corps.
The women in the second picture are battling against the portrayal of them as sexual objects, whose only virtue is their physical beauty.

4. Read all the posters and explain in you own words what the main claims of the Women’s Lib movement were.

The main claims of the Women’s Lib movement were the equality between women and men.

5. Explain the sentence: “Sisterhood is powerful”.

Cette phrase veut dire que les femmes sont solidaire et puissante et ont de grandes capacités pour changer les choses.
This phrase means that women are united and powerful and exceptionally qualified to bring about changes.

6. How do you explain the presence of men in the three pictures?

Les hommes sont présents pour soutenir les femmes, mais ils sont peu nombreux.
The men are there to support the women, but their presence is small in number.

5. Talking point

1. Would you say that the women’s demands expressed in these pages have been met nowadays throughout the world?

A mon avis, ce que demande les femmes à travers ces pages n’ai toujours pas satisfait dans tout les pays du monde. Dans certains pays du Tiers Monde les femmes sont traités comme des esclaves, elles n’ont pas le droit de s’exprimer et sont rejetées par la société. Cette inégalités entre les hommes et les femmes est aussi présente dans les pays industrialisés où il existe encore des différences de salaires (pour un travail égal) entres l’homme et la femme. De plus pour certains d’hommes de nos jours, la femme est tout d’abord vue comme un objet de séduction.
In my opinion, the demands of women on these pages aren't always recognized throughout the world. In some third-world countries, women are treated as slaves. They don't have the right to express themselves, and are rejected by society. These inequalities between men and women are also prevalent in industrialized countries and evident in the disparity of wages for the same job between the two groups. What's more nowadays, some men see women as nothing more than sexual objects.

2. Do you believe that the statement “Women must free themselves” is still true today?

Oui, cette phrase est toujours valable de nos jours car la femme n’est pas totalement libre. Il faut que la femmes prouve qu’elle est indispensable à la société de nos jours en s’intégrant plus dans les métiers plus engagés comme dans la politique ou dans la recherche. De nos jours nous trouvons malheureusement plus de caissière que de chercheuses. Les femmes doivent s’imposer et ainsi se libérer elle même de cette idée figé qu’on a souvent d’elle. Celle d’une femmes belle, bien formée mais qui ne connaît que sa maison et son corps.
Yes, I do. This statement is still valid today because women aren't completely free. Women must prove their indispensability to contemporary society by working at jobs involving politics or research. These days unfortunately, we see more women in front of a cash register than in front of a microscope. Women must break the mold of beautiful and shapely homebodies imposed upon them by men and society as a whole, and thus free themselves.

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